Psycho-Socio-Economic-Impact Assessment of Agri-Based Technologies in Central Luzon


Economic development is central to agricultural development. Economic activity is a human activity and therefore it is important to know how a given economic activity in the community is influenced by psycho-social factors and determine some of the important effects on human activities. People’s notion of their perceived knowledge, biases and perceptions on agricultural methods and technologies adopted or used cannot be separated from their basic economic experiences (Bonifacio, 1988).

Community-based agriculture then would require the active total involvement of the members of the rural community in knowing, understanding and doing something about their existing situation. In this process, what is paramount is the creation of an awareness of their situation through the identification of their needs and problems. Important in this regard is their own direct participation in defining and delivering their own problems and needs. Through their own efforts they will likewise be directly involved in identifying possible solutions to the problems arising from their situation.

No country can achieve a higher level of development without the active role of science and technology. Through continuous scientific research, technological break-through never before realized by man have been achieved with the significant impact of technology in agriculture, policy makers have advocated policies and programs based on technological advances particularly in the countryside. It generally accepted that the process of transferring technologies involves the actual transfer from an outside source. However, the recognition of a need or problem which can be solved by the application of certain capabilities outside the available internal capabilities. In other words the increase stock of knowledge, skills and techniques can be done by transferring techniques in these areas can improve his level of well being (Bonifacio, 1986).

It must be understood that programs and projects have been designed are developed with the intention of hastening the transformation of traditional agriculture through technology transfer. However, the poor can be helped to help themselves but only by making available to them a technology that recognizes the economies boundaries and limitations of poverty (Schumacher, p.170).

It is therefore important to explore the psyche of farmer-adoptors of technology considering their socio-economic situation to make the technology complementary to its farming activities. It is important to connect at what stage of the farmer’s or individual’s psycho-social development in creating a positive change that benefits him and other people as well especially in the use or adoption of agri-based technologies available in Central Luzon.

Specifically, it aimed to explore the following objectives:

  1. Determine the demographic profile of selected current and former farmer-adoptors of identified technologies;
  2. Describe the agri-based technologies available on identified commodities under study;
  3. Measure the extent of utilization or adoption of agri-based technologies;
  4. Describe the psycho-socio-economic impact regarding the utilization of agri-based technologies of current and former farmer-adoptors;
  5. Determine the degree of satisfaction of the on the use or adoption of technologies in their specific commodities raised;
  6. Determine the extent of influence of socio-economic profile of selected current and former farmer-adoptors to the utilization or adoption of agri-based technologies;
  7. Determine the extent of influence of psycho-social make-up of current and former farmer-adoptors to the utilization or adoption of agri-based technologies;
  8. Determine the extent of relationship between the level of satisfaction and degree of adoption/utilization of agri-based technologies of the current and former farmer-adoptors;
  9. Describe the specific contributions gained out of adoption of specific technologies used;
  10. Enumerate the problems or lapses encountered related to the use of such agri-based technologies;
  11. Recommend possible solutions of policy measures suggested to sustain the adoption of such agri-based techniques.

This is also a regionalized CHED-funded project amounting to PhP 1,000,000.00 with Dr. Eduardo F. Macose as the project leader. The members of CHED-ZRC 3 research team include: Ms. Annie Rose P. Pagdanganan of TCA, Dr. Perla B. Estrella of BPSU, Mr. Jay Claus Santos of CLSU, Dr. Alfred S. Reyes of PAC, Dr. Jo Espiritu of RMTU, Dr. Eutiquio L. Rotaquio,  Jr. of ASCOT and Dr. Arnold E. Velasco of TCA.

Results of this study will be beneficial among stakeholders in the agriculture sector, including agricultural institutions like HEIs. Intervention to maximize the benefits as well as to fill the gaps and needs for full utilization of agri-based technologies, which are intended to help our farmers. Presented below on how the findings on this study will help stakeholders of the sector.